The world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research. The particle accelerator lies in a circular tunnel with a circumference of 17 Miles, located 175 Meters beneath the French-Switzerland border. Through this powerful machine, scientists were able to discover the Higgs boson, an elementary particle predicted by the Standard Model in the year 2012
After the discovery of Higgs in the year 1964, the research has been continuing over the developments in high-energy particle acceleration technology, which made the research quite expensive. So, the next goal is to make the acceleration technology less expensive.
A team of physicists working on AWAKE at CERN—the Advanced Proton Driven Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Experiment, an international scientific collaboration of engineers and scientists from 18 different institutes—have conducted an innovative experiment representing a new way of electron acceleration, through which the huge size of current particle accelerators can be reduced and the technology will become inexpensive. Regarding this study, a paper has been published in the journal “Nature”.
According to Professor Moses Chung, after LHC, the technology of particle acceleration explained by “AWAKE” will be a standard technology in the futuristic development of high-energy particle accelerators. This technology will let the engineers to significantly reduce the size of the accelerators.
To accelerate the particles more efficiently under reduced area, AWAKE suggested wakefield accelerators. The principle behind the wakefield technology is based on the intensification of the electric field. A beam of either protons, electrons, or a laser passed through plasma that attracts its free electrons towards the beam. These free electrons moved towards the beam and got crashed back, developing a bubble-like structure behind the beam that intensified its electric field to 10 folds or even more. If the beam of electrons is injected through it, the acceleration would be developed in a shorter period.
For proton-driven wakefield acceleration, the electric field intensified by proton microbunches are arranged within a bunch of electrons. Using this technique, the electrons were accelerated up to 2 GeV after passing the electron beam through 10 Meters length of plasma. This technique could be able to accelerate electrons to TeV scale units in a single step of acceleration.
Having a thorough knowledge of the technology field and keenness to understand the newest technological advancements budding from around the globe have made Herman a Senior Content Writer in our organization. Having the appropriate skills to explain and depict the technology world in an easy manner, he writes news related to all the latest launches, updates, inventions, and much more. Herman, in free time, likes to keep tabs on all the new gadgets & devices as well as their applications in everyday life.